Before a Fire
Plan for a Fire Before it Occurs
- Know the location of exits.
- Recognize the sound of the alarm.
- Know how to activate the alarm (usually located at exits).
- Know how to notify the fire department. Have a meeting place outside.
- Participate in fire drills, and know your plan.
If You Discover a Fire
- Sound the alarm and exit.
- Close all doors behind you, especially doors behind fire.
- Proceed directly to safest exit.
- Do not use elevators.
- Leave the building.
- Develop a Fire Escape Plan, and practice the drill (most don't, because they don't have a plan). Know how to activate the alarm.
- Know the location of fire extinguishers and how to use them.
- Have two avenues of escape.
- Know your emergency numbers.
- Designate a safe meeting place.
- Where is your nearest fire hydrant? Is it snowed over?
- Once you are out, stay out!
- When the smoke detector sounds, you have less than four minutes to get out.
- Most who die in fires die of smoke inhalation.
- Fire itself is a serious hazard.
- Fire frequently generates temperatures to 1,500 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Remember, water boils at 212 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Most foods cook at about 350 degrees Fahrenheit.
- There is always the possibility of flash-over.
- As well as carbon monoxide, there are many toxic gases.
- The longer you stay in, the more your judgment will be impaired.
What to Do If Your Escape Route Is Blocked by Fire or Smoke
- Crawl low in smoke, and try to hold your breath.
If Trapped in a Room
- Feel doors with the back of your hand to test for heat. If no heat, open the door cautiously.
- Close all doors behind you.
- Seal cracks around doors and windows (a wet towel will work).
- Signal at window to rescuers.
- Open outside windows at top and bottom.
- Shut off fans and air conditioners.